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National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture: The Future of Food Security?

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by Alisha Shabnam

National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture is one of the most important initiatives of the government to promote sustainable agriculture in the country. The mission has set a roadmap for the success of sustainable agriculture in India.

The goal of the mission is to make Indian agriculture more sustainable and efficient and to help farmers become more profitable. The mission is based on the idea that agriculture must be made more sustainable if India wants to meet the needs of its growing population.

The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) has Four main aims: making agriculture more productive, sustainable, profitable, and climate-resilient.

To achieve these objectives, the NMSA has developed a number of programs and initiatives. I hope this article will help you to understand the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture.

Related: Regenerative Agriculture: The Future Of Sustainable Farming Is Here!

What is the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture?

The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) is an initiative of the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. The program aims to make sustainable agriculture a reality in India by promoting and supporting its adoption across the country.

The mission has Seven Objectives:

  • To make agriculture more productive, sustainable, remunerative, and climate resilient by promoting location-specific Integrated/Composite Farming Systems.
  • To conserve natural resources through appropriate soil and moisture conservation measures.
  • To adopt comprehensive soil health management practices based on soil fertility maps, soil test-based application of macro & micro nutrients, judicious use of fertilizers, etc.
  • To optimize utilization of water resources through efficient water management to expand coverage for achieving ‘more crop per drop.’
  • To pilot models in select blocks for improving the productivity of rainfed farming by mainstreaming rainfed technologies refined through NICRA and leveraging resources from other schemes/Missions like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP), RKVY, etc.
  • To establish an effective inter and intra-Departmental/Ministerial coordination for accomplishing key deliverables of the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture under the aegis of NAPCC.

What are the goals of the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture?

The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture has four goals:

1. To increase agricultural productivity

2. To increase the incomes of farmers

3. To enhance the sustainability of agriculture, and

4. Promote climate-resilient agriculture.

The government is working on these goals by promoting location specific integrated /composite farming systems, soil and moisture conservation measures, comprehensive soil health management, efficient water management practices, and mainstreaming rainfed technologies.

Each of these goals is important in its own right, and together they form a comprehensive strategy for improving agriculture in India.

Increasing agricultural productivity and income is essential to improve farmers’ living standards and reduce India’s poverty. The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture is working to achieve this goal by promoting better use of inputs such as irrigation, fertilizers, and seeds and by encouraging the adoption of sustainable practices such as conservation agriculture.

Enhancing the sustainability of agriculture and promoting climate-resilient crops are essential to ensure that agriculture can continue to provide food and livelihoods for future generations. The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture is working to improve the sustainability of agriculture by promoting practices such as agroforestry, rainwater harvesting, and integrated pest management.

Increasing the area under sustainable agriculture is vital to ensure that agriculture in India is environmentally sustainable and provides food and livelihoods for the future. The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture is working to achieve this goal by providing incentives for farmers to adopt sustainable practices and by creating an enabling environment for sustainable agriculture.

How will the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture help achieve the goal of sustainable agriculture?

The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) is a government initiative that aims to promote sustainable agriculture in India. The strategies to achieve sustainable agriculture goals in India are-

  • Promoting integrated farming system covering crops, livestock & fishery, plantation, and pasture-based composite farming for enhancing livelihood opportunities, ensuring food security, and minimizing risks from crop failure through supplementary/ residual production systems;
  • Popularizing resource conservation technologies (both on-farm and off-farm) and introducing practices that will support mitigation efforts during extreme climatic events or disasters like prolonged dry spells, floods, etc.
  • Promoting effective management of available water resources and enhancing water use efficiency through the application of technologies coupled with demand and supply side management solutions;
  • Encouraging improved agronomic practices for higher farm productivity, improved soil treatment, increased water holding capacity, judicious use of chemicals/ energy, and enhanced soil carbon storage;
  • Creating a database on soil resources through land use survey, soil profile study, and soil analysis on the GIS platform to facilitate the adoption of location and soil – specific crop management practices & optimize fertilizer use;
  • Promoting location and crop-specific integrated nutrient management practices for improving soil health, enhancing crop productivity, and maintaining the quality of land and water resources;
  • Involving knowledge institutions and professionals in developing climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies for specific agro-climatic situations and promoting them through appropriate farming systems.
  • Programmatic interventions as per land capability and conducive to climatic parameters in select blocks as pilots for ensuring integrated development through dissemination and adoption of rainfed technologies with a greater reach in disadvantaged areas & location specific planning by way of coordination, convergence, and leveraging investments from other Schemes/Missions like MGNREGS, IWMP, RKVY, National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), National Mission for Agricultural Extension & Technology (NMAE&T), etc.

The NMSA will help achieve the goal of sustainable agriculture by providing farmers with financial and technical assistance. By encouraging these practices, the NMSA will help reduce the environmental impact of agriculture.

Related: Carbon Credits: How to Make Money and Save the Earth

What are the components of the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture?

The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture has four primary components: Rainfed Area Development (RAD), On Farm Water Management (OFWM), Soil Health Management (SHM), and Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture: Monitoring, Modelling, and Networking (CCSAMMN). These components work together to improve the sustainability of India’s agriculture sector.

1. Rainfed Area Development (RAD):

RAD will use an area-based approach to developing and conserving natural resources along with farming systems. This component has been formulated in a ‘watershed plus framework,’ i.e., to explore potential utilization of natural resources base/assets available/created through watershed development and soil conservation activities/interventions under MGNREGS, NWDPRA, RVP&FPR, RKVY, IWMP, etc. This component will integrate multiple agricultural components, including crops, horticulture, and livestock, as well as value-added activities and income-generating activities.

This component will promote soil testing/soil health cards-based nutrient management techniques, farmland development, resource conservation, and crop selection conducive to local agroclimatic conditions. A cluster-based approach may be used to achieve a significant impact on convergence and encourage local participation. It can cover 100 hectares (contiguous or not in rugged terrain) and is suitable for replication in larger areas. This component may provide additional support for resource conservation activities in gaps. RAD clusters must have soil analysis/soil card/soil survey maps in order to support the proposed interventions. At least 25% of the farm system area must be covered by On Farm Water Management. In the creation of an integrated project plan, it will also consider Farming Systems as recommended by ICAR and successful findings from NICRA projects. Besides, the creation and development of common property resources/assets/utilities like grain banks, biomass shredders, fodder banks, group marketing, etc., will be encouraged under this component.

2. On-Farm Water Management (OFWM):

OFWM will primarily focus on improving water use efficiency by promoting efficient on-farm water management technology and equipment. This will include efficiency in the application, and the RAD component will also focus on efficient harvesting and management of rainwater. Water conservation technologies, efficient delivery, and distribution systems will all be supported. Water users’ associations will emphasize the management and equitable distribution of resources. Farm ponds can be built using MGNREGA funds or earth-moving equipment to conserve water on the farm.

3. Soil Health Management (SHM):

SHM will promote crop-specific and location-specific sustainable soil management. This includes residue management and organic farming practices. It will also create and link soil fertility maps with macro and micronutrient management. The soil fertility maps will help to determine the best land use, optimize fertilizer application, and minimize soil erosion/degradation.

A variety of improved practices will be supported based on soil characteristics and land use. These maps are derived from the geographical information system (GIS) and a database that includes detailed field-level scientific surveys. Besides, this component will also provide support for the reclamation of problem soils (acid/alkaline/saline). This component will be implemented in India by the State Govt., National Centre of Organic Farming and Central Fertilizer Quality Control & Training Institutes (CFQC&TI) and Soil and Land Use Survey of India (SLUSI).

4. Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture: Monitoring, Modelling, and Networking (CCSAMMN):

CCSAMMN provides creation and bidirectional (land/farmers to research/scientific establishments and vice versa) dissemination of climate change-related information and knowledge by way of piloting climate change adaptation/mitigation research/model projects in the domain of climate-smart sustainable management practices and integrated farming system suitable to local agro-climatic conditions.

To demonstrate the functional mechanisms of rainfed technologies dissemination, planning, convergence, and coordination with flagship schemes/Missions such as MGNREGS (IWMP), Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program, AIBP, RKVY, NFSM NHM, NMAET, RKVY, etc., comprehensive pilot blocks will be provided. This integrated approach of input and outflow flows across agriculture, livestock, and other production systems will maximize the potential for rainfed production systems to grow, thereby ensuring sustainability and minimizing climate change risk.

How will the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture help Indian farmers?

The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture provides funding and technical assistance to farmers who want to adopt sustainable farming methods. It also promotes the use of traditional Indian crops and livestock breeds.

The mission has been successful in helping farmers adopt sustainable farming practices. Many farmers have started using organic farming methods and traditional crops. The mission has also helped create new opportunities for Indian farmers in the global market.

What are the benefits of the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture?

The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) was launched in 2014-2015 with the aim of achieving sustainable agriculture in India. The mission has several objectives, including promoting integrated farming, increasing crop yields, improving soil health, and conserving water resources.

The NMSA has several benefits for India.

By promoting integrated farming, the mission helps farmers to use resources more efficiently and increase crop yields.

By improving soil health, the mission helps to preserve India’s valuable farmland.

By conserving water resources, the mission helps to ensure that India has enough water for agriculture, industry, and households.

The NMSA is an important initiative helping to make Indian agriculture more sustainable. It is helping to improve crop yields, conserve resources, and improve the livelihoods of India’s farmers.

The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture is a step in the right direction for Indian agriculture. By making agriculture more sustainable, the mission will help ensure that India’s growing population has enough food to eat. The mission is also important because it will help farmers become more profitable. This will benefit India as a whole and will help to ensure that the agricultural sector continues to grow.

FAQs

What is the National Mission for sustainable agriculture?

National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture is one of the most important initiatives of the government to promote sustainable agriculture in the country. The mission has set a roadmap for the success of sustainable agriculture in India.
The goal of the mission is to make Indian agriculture more sustainable and efficient and to help farmers become more profitable.

When was NMSA launched?

The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) was launched in 2014-2015 with the aim of achieving sustainable agriculture in India. The mission has several objectives, including promoting integrated farming, increasing crop yields, improving soil health, and conserving water resources.

What are the goals of sustainable agriculture?

The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture has four goals:
1. To increase agricultural productivity
2. To increase the incomes of farmers
3. To enhance the sustainability of agriculture, and
4. Promote climate-resilient agriculture.

About
Alisha Shabnam

Hi! I’m Alisha Shabnam, a freelance Sustainability Consultant and writer working in the field of sustainability education.